Design and Determination:

the role of information technology in redressing regional inequities in the development process

published 20 September 2004 by Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot.

re-published 10 October 2010 at in pdf format.

Seoul, October 2002

Ghanaian chocolate,
Korean street.

In 1960 Ghana had a higher per capita Gross Domestic Product than South Korea, by 1997 Korea had broken the US$10,000 barrier.

South Korea has embraced manufacturing and moved into key fields of high technology asnd innovation.

See for detailed information.




Part of this book was written in a housing development which was equipped with state of the art communication technology in the nineteen seventies. A cable TV and radio distribution system deliver two hours of programming each week from a community studio as black and white television.

In more than thirty years the system has not been upgraded, in part due to changes in ownership and related legal issues. However, today many of the residents of the area are enjoying direct satellite broadcasting which delivers a bewildering choice of programming to their homes.

The shift from wired to wireless delivery, in particular the domestication of military invention of the artificial earth orbit satellite, has transformed the availability and distribution of information and communication resources.

This book addresses the consequences of the shift from hierarchical to essentially disintermediated systems of delivery. It is concerned with the balance between the constraints imposed by design decision-making in technical and social artifacts, and the space for those outside the initial decision loop to occupy and modify those design spaces.

Since publication further work on the synergy between older and newer forms of connectivity has been conducted with collegues from a range of institutions and countries

The book is divided into three parts

Part I
Design and Development: the worlds we live in

Chapter 1: Design and Determination: overcoming exclusion in an emergent global system

Chapter 2: Chains, Networks, Webs: the topology and geography of a global system of development

Chapter 3: Wicked Problems and Evil Empires: postivism, complexity and the Cold War origins of the information society

Chapter 4: Virtual Working: public and private place and non-place

Chapter 5: Windows of Opportunity: supporting development with appropriate technologies or appropriated technologies?

To Let: Reserve Bank, Amsterdam, June 2002

Part II
Determination and Design: frames and paradigms

Chapter 6: Finding a lever to move the world: the design paradigm and its value

Chapter 7: Time-Frames and Design Decision-making

Chapter 8: Finding a Place to Stand: a “metatechnical” framework

Chapter 9: Culture, Design and Design Cultures: achieving transferability and sustainability in development processes

Finnish Design Centre, Helsinki, December 1998

Part III
From Geography to History: designing a place in the world

Chapter 10: Development by Design: two national development paths

Chapter 11: Development: cultural consonances in post-Cold War development

Chapter 12: Through the Window or Through the Looking Glass: prospects for greater equity in development.

Gieranger, Norway, August 1998

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This page is maintained by
Stephen Little
Trafford, Greater Manchester, U.K.

Last update 14 May 2019

KCR museum, former Tai Po Market station, July 2002